Understanding Eye Disorders and Diseases
Eye health is paramount, and understanding various eye disorders and diseases can aid in early detection and treatment. Here’s a comprehensive guide on some prevalent eye conditions:
Characterized by the formation of a dense, cloudy area in one or both eyes, cataracts can obscure vision. Symptoms include dim vision, sensitivity to glare, halos around lights, double vision, and color fading. Advanced treatments like Phacomulsification, MICS, and FLACS are available for cataract surgery.
A silent threat to vision, glaucoma damages the optic nerve, potentially leading to irreversible vision loss. Regular eye check-ups, especially after the age of 40, are crucial as the disease often lacks noticeable symptoms. Advanced diagnostic tools like OCT, Perimetery, and Pachymetry help in early detection, with treatments ranging from medications to advanced surgeries.
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
Caused by bacteria or viruses, conjunctivitis leads to the inflammation of the eyeball’s outer membrane and inner eyelid. Symptoms encompass redness, irritation, and discharge. Timely treatment considering the patient’s overall health can effectively manage the condition.
A misalignment of the eyes, squint can result from nerve injuries or eye muscle dysfunction. Advanced treatments, including laser procedures and surgeries, are available to address this disorder.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD blurs central vision, impacting activities like reading and driving. Over time, the blurred region can expand, causing central vision blank spots. Primarily affecting older adults, diagnostic tools like OCT and FFA are available, with facilities for intravitreal injections offering treatment.
A widespread issue, refractive errors can be addressed with vision correction procedures like Lasik surgery, enabling individuals to live without spectacles.
A consequence of diabetes, this condition damages the retina. Early diagnosis through FFA and OCT is crucial, with laser treatments offering effective management.